Se diferencian 5 grandes tipos de autismo

 Por lo que las personas que lo padecen pueden situarse en cualquier punto del espectro:

  • Autismo.
  • Síndrome de Rett.
  • Síndrome de Asperger.
  • Trastorno desintegrado infantil o síndrome de Heller.
  • Trastorno generalizado del desarrollo no especificado.


Tipos de autismo más comunes y sus principales características:

 1- Síndrome de Asperger

Es considerada la forma más leve entre los tipos de autismo y es tres veces más común en los niños que en las niñas.

Normalmente, quien posee el síndrome cuenta con una inteligencia superior a la media y puede ser llamado también de «autismo de alto funcionamiento». Común incluso en algunos famosos que presentan este grado de Autismo.

Es normal que el autista se vuelva extremadamente obsesivo por un objeto o tema y pase horas discutiendo o hablando sobre ese asunto.

 2-Trastorno Invasivo del Desarrollo

Esta es una «fase intermedia», ya que es un poco más grave que el Síndrome de Asperger, pero no tan fuerte como el Trastorno Autista.

En este caso, los síntomas son muy variables. Sin embargo, de manera general el paciente presentará:

  • la cantidad menor de comportamientos repetitivos;
  • dificultades con la interacción social;
  • competencia lingüística inferior al Síndrome de Asperger pero superior al Trastorno Autista.

   3- Trastorno Autista

Son aquellos que presentan síntomas más graves que los otros dos tipos de autismo. En este caso, varias capacidades se ven afectadas de forma más intensa, como las relaciones sociales, la cognición y la lingüística. Otro factor bien común es la presencia intensificada de los comportamientos repetitivos.

Este es el tipo «clásico» de autismo y que suele ser diagnosticado de forma precoz, en general antes de los 3 años. Las principales señales que indican la condición son:

  • falta de contacto con los ojos;
  • comportamientos repetitivos como golpear o balancear las manos;
  • dificultades en hacer pedidos usando el lenguaje;
  • desarrollo tardío del lenguaje.

4- Trastorno Desintegrativo de la Infancia

Se considera el tipo más grave del espectro autista y el menos común. En general, el niño presenta un período normal de desarrollo, pero a partir de los 2 a los 4 años de edad, pasa a perder las habilidades intelectuales, lingüísticas y sociales sin conseguir recuperarlas.

Esta entrada fue publicada en autismo. Guarda el enlace permanente.

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