Reducing biases about autism may increase social inclusion, study finds

February 8, 2021

Source:University of Texas at Dallas

Summary:Psychology researchers hope to improve the social success of autistic adolescents and adults by promoting understanding and acceptance of autism among non-autistic people instead of focusing on teaching them ways to think and behave more like their non-autistic peers.

Efforts to improve the social success of autistic adolescents and adults have often focused on teaching them ways to think and behave more like their non-autistic peers and to hide the characteristics that define them as autistic. Psychology researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas, however, have been focusing on another approach: promoting understanding and acceptance of autism among non-autistic people.

The researchers published their findings online Jan. 20 in the journal Autism. The study showed that familiarizing non-autistic people with the challenges and strengths of autistic people helped to reduce stigma and misconceptions about autism, but implicit biases about autism were harder to overcome.

Desiree Jones, a psychology doctoral student in the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences (BBS), is the corresponding author of the paper, and Dr. Noah Sasson, associate professor of psychology, is the senior author.

Autism is characterized by differences in thinking, sensing, and communicating that can make interaction and connection with non-autistic people difficult. Some autistic people are nonspeaking and need a lot of support in their everyday lives, while some are highly verbal and need less support. Jones’ work focuses specifically on the experiences of autistic adults without intellectual disability.

“Previous work in our lab has shown that autistic people are often stereotyped as awkward and less likeable,” Jones said. “Some might think that autistic people don’t want friends or don’t want to interact with people. We want to combat those ideas.”

Promoting autism knowledge among non-autistic adults represents a shift in philosophy about how to improve the social experiences of autistic people. Jones explained that this tactic borrows from research on race and ethnicity.

“Targeting autistic behavior places the burden of social exclusion on autistic people, when we should really be challenging the attitudes that lead others to stigmatize autistic behaviors,” she said. “Research on race suggests that people who have racial biases tend to view that race as a monolith, assigning every member the same features. By exposing them to different people from the group, you can challenge those stereotypes. We believe the same principle applies to autism.”

The study participants — 238 non-autistic adults — were split into three groups. One group viewed an autism acceptance video originally developed as a PowerPoint presentation by researchers at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia in collaboration with autistic adults. Jones updated it and had narration added. The second group watched a general mental health training presentation that didn’t mention autism, and the third received no training at all. Participants then were tested on their explicit and implicit biases about autism.

“The autism video presents autism facts and promotes acceptance. It gives tips on how to befriend an autistic person and talk to them about their interests,” Jones said. “It also discusses things to avoid, such as sensory overload and pressuring them into engaging.”

Subsequent testing of explicit biases included capturing first impressions of autistic adults in video clips, measuring participants’ autism knowledge and stigma, and gauging their beliefs about autistic functional abilities. Implicit biases also were examined, gauging whether participants unconsciously associate autism with negative personal attributes.

As anticipated, the autism acceptance training group demonstrated greater understanding and acceptance of autism on the explicit measures, including expressing more social interest in autistic adults and resulting in more positive first impressions. However, participants continued to implicitly associate autism with unpleasant personal attributes regardless of which training they experienced.

“Explicit biases are consciously held, evolve quickly and are constrained by social desirability,” Sasson explained. “Implicit biases reflect more durable underlying beliefs — associations reinforced over time that are more resistant to change.”

Many of the stubborn stereotypes about autism are reinforced by portrayals in the media, whether from TV shows like “The Good Doctor” or movies like “Rain Man.”

“A common trope exists of the white male autistic person with savant abilities,” Jones said. “They are really smart but very socially awkward. They can be portrayed as flat or without emotion or passion. These beliefs can be harmful and do not reflect how variable these characteristics are among autistic people. They belie the range of unique difficulties and skills that autistic people can have.

“There’s a saying that if you’ve met one autistic person, you’ve met one autistic person. The community varies so much in individual needs, strengths and difficulties that there’s not a very useful prototype. So getting to know actual people and getting away from preconceptions can hopefully help us improve social outcomes for the autistic community.”

Jones said that autistic individuals themselves are integral in plotting the path forward.

“Autistic people often feel that they simply aren’t listened to, that they are dismissed or not cared about,” she said. “A big part of being welcoming is simply acknowledging actual autistic people telling us what they like and what they want research to be. In our lab, we have several autistic master’s and undergraduate students who play a big role in our research, and they’ve taught me a lot.”

Sasson described the results as promising and indicative of the promise of well-done training, although the staying power of such effects remains unclear.

“This half-hour presentation was engaging and entertaining and included a lot of compelling first-person narratives,” he said. “The fact that non-autistic people experiencing the training were more interested in social interaction with autistic people, had fewer misconceptions about autism, and reported more accurate understanding of autistic abilities after completing it is a success story of sorts.

“Whether the effects persist over time is another question. It could very well be that the benefits are transient, which would significantly limit the promise of training programs like this.”

In future work, Jones and Sasson hope to establish a connection between inclusion and acceptance and the mental health and well-being of autistic people, who experience higher levels of depression, anxiety and suicide than the general population.

“It’s not easy to be autistic in a predominantly non-autistic world, and making the social world a bit more accommodating and welcoming to autistic differences could go a long way toward improving personal and professional outcomes for autistic people,” Sasson said.

BBS doctoral student Kilee DeBrabander was the third author of the study, which was funded by a grant from the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board’s Autism Grant Program.



Esta entrada fue publicada en AUTISMO, DIVULGACIÓN. Guarda el enlace permanente.

77 respuestas a Reducing biases about autism may increase social inclusion, study finds

  1. Only a smiling visitant here to share the love (:, btw outstanding style.

  2. froleprotrem dijo:

    Good V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task..

  3. zortilonrel dijo:

    Would you be excited by exchanging hyperlinks?

  4. froleprotrem dijo:

    I always was interested in this topic and stock still am, regards for posting.

  5. Whats up very nice web site!! Man .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally? I am happy to seek out a lot of helpful info here in the post, we’d like work out more techniques in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .|

  6. Ivy Bequette dijo:

    Hi There!

    I noticed while looking over your website that it doesn’t have a lot of articles…and that’s almost certainly limiting the number of prospects (buyers, customers, clients) that find you online…

    Maybe you just don’t have the time to produce high-quality articles for your site? Or maybe you’re just not sure what topics to write about…?

    I have a unique strategy that I’d like to discuss with you…one that involves researching questions that people are asking every day on Google. Questions being asked by your ideal customer/client.

    These questions are different/special because there are very few websites that answer these questions on the entire web…in fact, many times there are none that answer it.

    That’s where we come in. Our company writes articles that rank very quickly because there is virtually no competition.

    Let’s set up a meeting so I can show you more about our strategy, including examples of these “special questions” along with the traffic and rankings we are generating…I’ll show you how we can provide content for your website that will gain you fast rankings, traffic and sales for your business.

    I’m available this week to chat…let me know what day and time works best for you.

    Thanks so much!

  7. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or weblog posts in this kind of house . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this site. Studying this information So i’m glad to convey that I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I came upon exactly what I needed. I most indisputably will make sure to don’t put out of your mind this website and give it a glance regularly.

  8. zortilonrel dijo:

    Hi, Neat post. There is an issue along with your website in internet explorer, would check thisK IE nonetheless is the marketplace leader and a good portion of people will miss your magnificent writing due to this problem.

  9. Leonardo dijo:

    Thanks for finally writing about > Reducing biases about autism may increase social inclusion, study finds
    ⋆ AUTISMO : MAS para el AUTISMO ⋆
    AUTISMOAUTISMO : MAS para el AUTISMO < Loved it!

  10. Troy dijo:

    I am curious to find out what blog platform you happen to be utilizing?
    I’m experiencing some small security problems with my latest website and I
    would like to find something more safeguarded. Do you have
    any recommendations?

  11. Jessie dijo:

    Hi i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anywhere, when i read this post
    i thought i could also create comment due to this brilliant paragraph.

  12. Some really excellent articles on this website,
    thank you for contribution.

    my web blog Nutri Blendx Keto

  13. Jane dijo:

    I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your site.
    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to
    come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme?
    Excellent work!

  14. dijo:

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You definitely know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just
    posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something informative to read?

    Take a look at my homepage –

  15. dijo:

    Good day very cool web site!! Man .. Beautiful ..
    Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your website and take the
    feeds additionally?I am happy to seek out a lot of
    helpful info right here within the publish, we’d
    like develop more techniques in this regard, thank you for

    Also visit my web page Evo Naturals Hemp Gummy Bears Review –,

  16. Shanon dijo:

    Excellent blog here! Also your site loads up very fast!
    What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  17. I must show some thanks to this writer for rescuing me from this difficulty.
    After looking through the world wide web and coming across ways which are not helpful, I figured my entire
    life was over. Living minus the solutions to the issues you’ve fixed
    by means of the posting is a serious case, and the ones
    which may have in a negative way affected my entire career if I had not come across the blog.
    Your actual expertise and kindness in playing with everything was very helpful.
    I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a thing like this.
    I can also at this moment look forward to my future.

    Thank you so much for this impressive and amazing help.

    I will not be reluctant to recommend the blog to any individual who wants and needs recommendations on this matter.

    Also visit my site: Advanced CBD Review

  18. I couldn?t resist commenting. Well written!

    my homepage :: DFine8 Ingredients

  19. Clarence dijo:

    Hello, i think that i saw you visited my weblog thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying
    to find things to improve my web site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your

  20. An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment.
    I think that you ought to publish more on this subject, it may not
    be a taboo matter but typically people do not speak about these subjects.
    To the next! Cheers!!

    my website; Vigalix Pills

  21. Exceptional post however I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this subject?
    I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate
    a little bit more. Cheers!

    my web blog :: Fast Dash Keto Reviews

  22. Ernest dijo:

    Hello everybody, here every one is sharing these kinds of knowledge, so
    it’s good to read this blog, and I used to go to see this weblog

  23. Valuable information. Lucky me I discovered your web site accidentally, and
    I’m shocked why this coincidence did not took place in advance!
    I bookmarked it.

    Also visit my web blog – Keto Complete Diet

  24. budnbee dijo:

    Yoս are so cool! I do not think I’ve truly read anything likе
    that before. So wonderfuⅼ to discover someЬody with some original thoughts on this topic.
    Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. Thiis
    site iѕs оne tһing that is requiгed оn thhe internet,
    sоmeone with a bit of originality!

    Here is my web page; budnbee

  25. Incredible points. Great arguments. Keep up the amazing spirit.

    Stop by my site …

  26. I always was concerned in this topic and stock still am, appreciate it
    for putting up.

    Look at my web-site … Blosum CBD Reviews

  27. This is the perfect web site for anybody who wishes to find out about this topic.

    You know a whole lot its almost hard to argue with you (not that
    I personally would want to?HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a subject
    that’s been discussed for ages. Great stuff,
    just wonderful!

    My web-site :: IQ SuperCharged

  28. Virectin dijo:

    Thank you for the blog post. Velupe and I have already been saving for just a
    new book on this theme and your blog post has made
    people like us to save money. Your thoughts really resolved
    all our questions. In fact, a lot more than what we had recognized in advance of the
    time we found your amazing blog. My spouse and i no longer
    nurture doubts as well as a troubled mind because you have totally attended to each of our needs
    in this post. Thanks

    Feel free to surf to my page; Virectin

  29. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all folks you really recognise what you are speaking approximately!
    Bookmarked. Please also visit my website =). We can have a link exchange contract between us

    Look at my webpage – Sper Max Control

  30. Sharyl dijo:

    Your style is really unique in comparison to other folks I’ve read stuff from.

    Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will
    just bookmark this blog.

  31. Aw, this was an incredibly good post. Finding the time and actual effort to make a really good article?
    but what can I say? I hesitate a whole lot and never seem to get nearly anything done.

    Have a look at my web site: Royal Derma Cream Reviews

  32. Some truly nice and useful information on this website, also I believe the style and design contains excellent features.

    Look into my web-site … Oracle Leaf CBD Review

  33. Thanks, I have recently been searching for information approximately this subject for a long time
    and yours is the greatest I have discovered till now.
    But, what concerning the conclusion? Are you sure concerning the source?

    Also visit my webpage; Spore Mens Vitality Mix

  34. Stephanie dijo:

    Stunning quest there. What occurred after? Good luck!

  35. dijo:

    Hello. fantastic job. I did not expect this. This is a great
    story. Thanks!

    my website; Amellia Anti Aging Cream []

  36. Cedric dijo:

    Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after reading
    through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.
    Nonetheless, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!

  37. I like this post, enjoyed this one regards for posting.

    Take a look at my blog IQ SuperCharged

  38. I am only writing to make you know of the impressive
    experience my child found using your blog. She even learned many things, including what it is like to have an awesome coaching mood to get the others without problems understand various multifaceted subject matter.
    You really exceeded our expected results. Thanks for delivering these valuable, safe,
    revealing and as well as cool tips on your topic to Gloria.

    Have a look at my web blog … Hempizor CBD Review

  39. Bruno dijo:

    Thanks for finally talking about > Reducing biases about autism may increase
    social inclusion, study finds ⋆ AUTISMO : MAS para el AUTISMO ⋆ AUTISMOAUTISMO : MAS para el AUTISMO
    < Liked it!

  40. Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries
    that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top
    as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects
    , people could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more.


  41. Hi there! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this
    website? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at
    options for another platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  42. dijo:

    After exploring a few of the blog posts on your blog, I really like your
    way of blogging. I saved it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking
    back soon. Please visit my website as well and tell me how
    you feel.

  43. It’s remarkable to pay a quick visit this web page and
    reading the views of all colleagues about this paragraph, while I am also zealous of getting knowledge.

  44. Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and
    wished to say that I have truly loved surfing around your blog posts.
    In any case I’ll be subscribing for your rss feed and I’m hoping you write again soon!

  45. SEO lists dijo:

    Hi, I do believe this is an excellent web site.
    I stumbledupon it 😉 I may come back yet again since I book-marked it.
    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and
    continue to help other people.

  46. Wow, awesome weblog format! How long have you ever been blogging for?

    you make blogging glance easy. The full look of your site is wonderful, let alone the content material!
    scrapebox lists

  47. excellent put up, very informative. I ponder why the other experts of this sector do not notice this. You should proceed your writing. I am confident, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!

  48. magnificent post, very informative. I ponder why the opposite experts of this sector do not understand this. You must continue your writing. I’m confident, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!

  49. Elvis 2022 dijo:

    Hiking can be a excellent imdb for savoring the outdoors and looking after fitness. Choose a few walking paths around your house and initiate checking out the great things out in mother nature. Get your best friend along with you, extended picnic lunch.

  50. wonderful submit, very informative. I’m wondering why the opposite specialists of this sector don’t understand this. You should continue your writing. I am sure, you have a great readers’ base already!

  51. fantastic put up, very informative. I ponder why the opposite specialists of this sector don’t notice this. You must proceed your writing. I am confident, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!

  52. Mp3juices dijo:

    You have made some decent points there. I checked on the web to learn more about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this website.

  53. Hi, just required you to know I he added your site to my Google bookmarks due to your layout. But seriously, I believe your internet site has 1 in the freshest theme I??ve came across. It extremely helps make reading your blog significantly easier.

  54. Tubidy dijo:

    Everyone loves it whenever people get together and share views. Great website, keep it up!

  55. Les Napper dijo:

    Hi, just required you to know I he added your site to my Google bookmarks due to your layout. But seriously, I believe your internet site has 1 in the freshest theme I??ve came across. It extremely helps make reading your blog significantly easier.

  56. Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Thank you for your provided information.

  57. Thanks for your post. One other thing is when you are selling your property on your own, one of the challenges you need to be aware of upfront is how to deal with property inspection reviews. As a FSBO vendor, the key about successfully moving your property plus saving money on real estate agent income is expertise. The more you already know, the smoother your property sales effort will probably be. One area when this is particularly crucial is home inspections. zabawy dla dorosłych

  58. I do agree with all the ideas you have presented in your post. They are very convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are very short for novices. Could you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

  59. Hello! I just would like to give a huge thumbs up for the great info you have here on this post. I will be coming back to your blog for more soon.

  60. Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!

  61. Great wordpress blog here.. It’s hard to find quality writing like yours these days. I really appreciate people like you! take care

  62. Dalila Obi dijo:

    I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post…

  63. Great line up. We will be linking to this great article on our site. Keep up the good writing.

  64. I love it when people come together and share opinions, great blog, keep it up.

  65. Jarrod Hoehn dijo:

    Good info. Lucky me I reach on your website by accident, I bookmarked it.

  66. Jae Taite dijo:

    I love it when people come together and share opinions, great blog, keep it up.

  67. Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!

  68. I truly enjoy studying on this website , it has great articles.

  69. Rodrickus dijo:

    Hey! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website?
    I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m
    looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be fantastic if you
    could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  70. Existe – T – Il un meilleur moyen de localiser rapidement un téléphone portable sans être découvert par celui – Ci?

  71. I think the admin of this web site is actually working hard in favor of his web site,
    since here every data is quality based stuff.

    Here is my site vpn special coupon

  72. There’s definately a great deal to find out about this subject.
    I love all the points you’ve made.

    my web site – vpn special coupon

  73. vpn 2024 dijo:

    This blog was… how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found
    something that helped me. Cheers!

    Here is my web-site vpn 2024

  74. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of
    your great post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

    Visit my web-site: vpn special coupon

  75. Good day very nice website!! Guy .. Excellent .. Superb ..
    I will bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally?
    I am glad to search out numerous helpful information right here in the publish, we’d like work out more strategies on this regard, thanks for sharing.
    . . . . .

    Feel free to visit my page … vpn special coupon code 2024

  76. Hi would you mind stating which blog platform you’re
    using? I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a tough time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different
    then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to

    my website … vpn special coupon code 2024

  77. Hi every one, here every person is sharing these kinds
    of familiarity, therefore it’s fastidious facebook vs eharmony to find love online read this web site, and I used to go
    to see this website every day.

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *