¿Qué tratamientos hay para el autismo?

En la actualidad no hay un tratamiento estándar para el trastorno del espectro autista (ASD).

Pero hay muchas formas de ayudar a minimizar los síntomas y maximizar las capacidades. 

Las personas con ASD tienen más probabilidad de utilizar todas sus capacidades y habilidades si reciben terapias e intervenciones adecuadas.

Las intervenciones y terapias más efectivas con frecuencia son diferentes para cada persona.  Sin embargo, la mayoría de las personas con ASD responde mejor a programas altamente estructurados y especializados.

 En algunos casos, los tratamientos pueden ayudar a las personas con autismo a funcionar en niveles casi normales.

Las investigaciones muestran que el diagnóstico temprano y las intervenciones tempranas, como la etapa preescolar o antes, tienen más probabilidad de tener efectos positivos importantes en los síntomas y las habilidades adquiridas posteriormente.  Vea más información sobre intervenciones tempranas para el autismo.

Dado que los síntomas del ASD y de otros trastornos, como el trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (ADHD, por sus siglas en inglés),2 se pueden superponer, es importante que el tratamiento se centre en las necesidades específicas de la persona, más que en el nombre del diagnóstico.

Para más información sobre cada tipo de tratamiento para el ASD, haga clic en los enlaces correspondientes.

Tipos de terapia para el ASD          

  1. Terapia de manejo de la conducta
  2. Terapia cognitivo-conductual
  3. Intervención temprana
  4. Terapias educativas y basadas en la escuela
  5. Terapia para mejorar la atención conjunta
  6. Tratamiento con medicamentos
  7. Terapia nutricional
  8. Terapia ocupacional
  9. Terapia mediada por los padres
  10. Fisioterapia
  11. Entrenamiento para el desarrollo de habilidades sociales
  12. Terapia del habla y del lenguaje

Si tiene alguna pregunta sobre los tratamientos, hable con un profesional de la salud que se especialice en la atención de personas con ASD. 

Estos recursos brindan más información sobre los tratamientos para el autismo.

Los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades (CDC, por sus siglas en inglés) describen algunas opciones de tratamiento en el contenido de Inglés.

fuente: https://espanol.nichd.nih.gov/salud/temas/autism/informacion/tratamientos

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