¿Los niños con autismo tienen hipersensibilidad auditiva?

El ruido y los estímulos sonoros afectan a los niños con autismo. Descubre por qué.

Los ruidos fuertes les afectan mucho más a las personas autistas que a los demás. Esto es exactamente la hipersensibilidad auditiva.

Muestran dificultad de concentración y viven una experiencia sensorial totalmente diferente en la recepción de estímulos no sólo auditiva, también olfativa, visual y táctil. Es decir, presentan hipersensibilidad sensorial.

Sufren alteraciones sensoriales ante distintos estímulos. Por ello, las personas con autismo se tapas los oídos cuando hay ruido.

Para integrar el autismo en la sociedad, hace un año en la Feria de Abril de Sevilla se decidió instaurar 4 horas libres de ruido en la zona de atracciones.

Así los niños con TEA o Síndrome de Asperger podrían disfrutar con tranquilidad de la feria y podrían acceder sin problema a una zona que se caracteriza por emitir múltiples calidades de sonidos y ruido. Lo que se pretendía era reducir el impacto sensorial en ellos y organizar unas fiestas más accesibles hacia este colectivo.

Consejos para ayudar a los niños con autismo

  • Procura hablarles a un volumen adecuado. No por mucho alzar la voz, la comunicación va a ser mejor.
  • Utiliza mensajes cortos en la conversación y que sean muy claros. Ten paciencia y da tiempo para que el receptor procese la información y dé una respuesta.
  • La comunicación fluirá mejor si divides la frase en dos partes. Como si la separaras con un punto y aparte.

Síndrome de Asperger y autismo

El Síndrome de Asperger está considerado como una de las conductas que se incluyen dentro del autismo. Sin embargo, autismo y Asperger no son lo mismo. Los niños con Asperger poseen un vocabulario enriquecido para su edad. Esta es una de las cosas que lo diferencian del autismo, ya que los niños autistas presentan un retraso en el lenguaje.

La memoria es otro de los puntos clave en esta diferenciación. Tienen una inteligencia por encima de lo normal almacenando muchos detalles gracias a su memoria repetitiva. El autismo, en cambio, muestra un coeficiente intelectual por debajo de lo normal.

Además de presentar un interés por tener y desarrollar relaciones sociales, el Asperger se detecta después de los tres años. El autismo se detecta antes de esa edad y los niños con autismo presentan serias dificultades para relaciones.

El apoyo de las familias es fundamental en los casos de autismo y también de dificultades auditivas.

Para ayudarle a mejorar su calidad de vida y hacérsela lo más llevadera posible es importante la atención temprana. Logopedas y maestros de pedagogía terapéutica adquieren un papel vital en el cuidado y desarrollo de los niños y el apoyo a las familias.

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