Doble excepcionalidad: Altas Capacidades y Asperger

Doble excepcionalidad: Altas Capacidades y Asperger

autismo actividades extraescolares
altas capacidades actividades extraescolares

La doble excepcionalidad hace referencia a los casos en los que niños y niñas presentan dos o más necesidades educativas especiales, siendo una de ellas las altas capacidades, dificultando su identificación e intervención. 

La psicopedagoga Mónica Fernández hace referencia a que entre un 14 y un 20% de los/las niños/as con altas capacidades también presentan déficit de atención por hiperactividad, dificultades del aprendizaje o trastornos del espectro autista (Picart, 2019). En estos casos una buena diagnosis resulta mucho más importante para llevar a cabo una buena intervención y una adaptación curricular acomodada para evitar el fracaso escolar, aunque hace falta destacar que se trata de una diagnosis mucho más compleja de llevar a cabo.

En este post vamos a hablar en concreto de la doble excepcionalidad de altas capacidades y el trastorno del espectro autista, Asperger. Y qué mejor manera de comenzar que hablando de aquellos factores que caracterizan a cada uno de estos perfiles.

asperger actividades extraescolares

Síndrome de Asperger

Comenzando por el Síndrome de Asperger, el DSM (manual de criterios diagnósticos para el ámbito de la salud mental) clasifica los siguientes criterios para llevar a cabo una diagnosis del mismo:

  • Deficiencias cualitativas en la interacción social (por lo menos dos de las siguientes):
    • Uso deficiente de comportamientos no verbales para regular la interacción social: mirada a los ojos, expresión facial, posturas corporales y gestos para regular la interacción social.
    • Incapacidad para desarrollar relaciones con iguales adecuadas al nivel evolutivo.
    • Ausencia de conductas espontáneas encaminadas a compartir placeres, intereses o logros con otras personas.
    • Falta de reciprocidad social o emocional. 
  • Patrones de conducta, interés o actividad restrictivos, repetidos y  estereotipados (por lo menos una de las siguientes):
    • Preocupación excesiva por un foco de interés (o varios) restringido y  estereotipado, excesivo por su intensidad o contenido.
    • Adhesión aparentemente inflexible a rutinas o rituales específicos y no funcionales.
    • Estereotipias motoras repetitivas: sacudir las manos, retorcer los dedos, movimientos complejos de todo el cuerpo, etc.
    • Preocupación persistente por partes de objetos.

Altas Capacidades

Continuando con las Altas Capacidades, la comunidad científica considera que son aquellos niños y niñas que presentan las siguientes características:

  • Elevado cociente intelectual.
  • Alta creatividad.
  • Capacidad de aprendizaje muy superior al promedio.
  • Motivación en la tarea.

Doble excepcionalidad

Pero, ¿qué tienen en común el  Síndrome de Asperger y las Altas Capacidades? Pues en ambos casos son niños/as con una gran memoria, fluidez verbal, tienen hipersensibilidad sensorial y son monotemáticos/as con todo lo que les fascina.

Además, los niños/as con esta doble excepcionalidad pueden presentar:

  • Escasa flexibilidad.
  • Dificultad para desarrollarse en situaciones poco estructuradas, aunque sea para diversión.
  • Habilidades superiores al promedio.
  • Rasgos psicológicos como timidez, mostrarse retraídos/as, falta de obediencia y/o hiperactividad/hipoactividad.
  • Su comportamiento en el aula es bueno, pero en casa “explota emocionalmente”.

Claves para aplicar en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje

Algunos trucos que nos pueden ser de utilidad para llevar a cabo con niños/as que tienen este tipo de diagnosis serían los siguientes:

  • Utilizar estilos de aprendizaje visuales, auditivos y kinestésicos (aprender haciendo). Mucho mejor si llevamos a cabo combinaciones entre ellos para estimular diferentes partes del cerebro.
  • Relacionar los contenidos con sus experiencias, buscar siempre ejemplos que los lleven a aprender a través de asociaciones.

Pero no nos podemos dejar llevar por datos, listas de características, claves… tenemos que pensar en cada niño/a como un ser único, especial y diferente y adaptarnos a sus necesidades concretas, independientemente de si tiene una u otra diagnosis o ninguna. La verdadera clave está en, como profesor/a, padre o madre, preguntar, hablar, conocer y cómo no, en acompañar y nunca etiquetar

fuente:https://www.vermislab.com/doble-excepcionalidad-altas-capacidades-y-asperger/

Esta entrada fue publicada en AUTISMO, DIVULGACIÓN. Guarda el enlace permanente.

55 respuestas a Doble excepcionalidad: Altas Capacidades y Asperger

  1. zortilonrel dijo:

    Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  2. Ashely dijo:

    I will right away snatch your rss feed as I can’t to find your email subscription hyperlink or
    e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly let me understand in order that
    I may just subscribe. Thanks.

  3. Michele dijo:

    For newest information you have to visit world wide web and on web I
    found this web site as a best website for newest updates.

  4. Irvin dijo:

    Hello I am so happy I found your web site, I really found
    you by accident, while I was researching on Aol for something else,
    Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a marvelous post and a all round interesting blog (I also love the theme/design),
    I don’t have time to read through it all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also included your RSS
    feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the fantastic work.

  5. Robert dijo:

    An interesting discussion is worth comment. I think that you
    ought to publish more about this topic, it may not be a taboo subject but generally people do not discuss such topics.
    To the next! Kind regards!!

  6. I like the helpful information you provide in your articles. I?ll bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly. I am quite sure I?ll learn lots of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

  7. Sweet blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News. Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Cheers

  8. I as well as my friends were found to be checking the good procedures located on your website and then instantly got a horrible feeling I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for them. All of the women ended up warmed to read them and now have pretty much been loving them. I appreciate you for indeed being quite helpful and then for deciding on some ideal themes millions of individuals are really eager to be informed on. My personal sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.

  9. It?¦s really a nice and useful piece of information. I?¦m glad that you just shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  10. Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed! Very useful information specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such information much. I was seeking this certain information for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  11. The subsequent time I learn a weblog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I imply, I know it was my option to learn, however I really thought youd have one thing interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about one thing that you would fix for those who werent too busy in search of attention.

  12. Nice post. I be taught one thing more challenging on different blogs everyday. It’ll always be stimulating to read content material from different writers and observe a bit of something from their store. I’d favor to use some with the content material on my blog whether or not you don’t mind. Natually I’ll give you a hyperlink on your net blog. Thanks for sharing.

  13. Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the pictures on this blog loading? I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated.

  14. Hello there! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a group of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a wonderful job!

  15. You have observed very interesting points! ps nice internet site. “Mediocrity knows nothing higher than itself, but talent instantly recognizes genius.” by Conan Doyle.

  16. tinyurl.com dijo:

    I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark
    your blog and check again here regularly. I’m quite sure I will
    learn plenty of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the
    next!

  17. tinyurl.com dijo:

    I go to see daily a few sites and blogs to read content, but this web site presents quality based posts.

  18. Having read this I thought it was rather enlightening.
    I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this information together.

    I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading
    and posting comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  19. bit.ly dijo:

    It’s an amazing post for all the web visitors; they will get
    benefit from it I am sure.

  20. After looking over a few of the blog articles on your web site, I truly appreciate your technique of writing a blog.
    I book marked it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back in the
    near future. Please check out my web site as well and tell me how you feel.

  21. You have brought up a very superb points, appreciate it for the post.

  22. Hello just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different web browsers and both show the same outcome.

  23. crorkservice dijo:

    Hello. Such a nice post! I’m really appreciate it. It will be great if you’ll read my first article on mycollegeessaywriter.com)

  24. I really appreciate your piece of work, Great post.

  25. At this time I am going away to do my breakfast, after having my breakfast coming again to read additional news.

    Take a look at my site; tracfone coupon

  26. Hola! I’ve been following your website for some time
    now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Atascocita Texas!
    Just wanted to say keep up the excellent work!

    Here is my homepage … tracfone 2022

  27. coursework vs thesis masters course workload coursework download coursework helper

  28. meet site dijo:

    dating flirt site free free dating site chatting free meeting
    online meet site

  29. Where are some good places to get good free blogger templates?. I know of pyzam but I would like to search others, what are some good sites?.

  30. Jerami dijo:

    Hey! This is my first visit to your blog!
    We are a group of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community in the same niche.
    Your blog provided us valuable information to work on. You have done a
    outstanding job!

  31. Carime dijo:

    Hello there I am so delighted I found your webpage, I really found
    you by accident, while I was browsing on Bing for something else,
    Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say
    thank you for a marvelous post and a all round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read through it all at the minute
    but I have book-marked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have
    time I will be back to read a great deal more, Please do
    keep up the excellent jo.

  32. Sambath dijo:

    Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this web site before but after looking at some
    of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m certainly pleased I discovered it and I’ll be book-marking
    it and checking back frequently!

  33. Falana dijo:

    A person essentially assist to make significantly articles I’d state.
    This is the very first time I frequented your website page and up to now?
    I amazed with the analysis you made to make this particular post
    incredible. Excellent process!

  34. Sana dijo:

    Great delivery. Sound arguments. Keep up the
    amazing spirit.

  35. Filicia dijo:

    Hello! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group?
    There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content.
    Please let me know. Cheers

  36. Lyndie dijo:

    Fastidious answers in return of this matter with firm
    arguments and explaining everything about that.

  37. Ilan dijo:

    Just wish to say your article is as astounding.
    The clarity in your post is just great and
    i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post.

    Thanks a million and please continue the enjoyable work.

  38. Magda dijo:

    Having read this I thought it was very informative. I appreciate you finding the
    time and effort to put this content together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time both reading and leaving comments.
    But so what, it was still worth it!

  39. Thank you for great content. Hello Administ. Hacklink Panel Hacklink

  40. Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?

  41. Donyetta dijo:

    Greetings! I know this is somewhat off topic but I
    was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site?
    I’m getting fed up of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at
    alternatives for another platform. I would be great
    if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  42. Alvina dijo:

    Hello to every , as I am actually keen of reading this weblog’s post to be updated
    on a regular basis. It carries good information.

  43. Tonya dijo:

    At this moment I am going to do my breakfast, later
    than having my breakfast coming over again to read further news.

  44. Chere dijo:

    Do you mind if I quote a couple of your articles as long as I provide
    credit and sources back to your weblog? My blog is in the exact same area of interest as yours and my users would definitely benefit from
    some of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this ok
    with you. Thank you!

  45. Christee dijo:

    Excellent beat ! I wish to apprentice even as you amend your web site, how can i subscribe for a blog site?
    The account aided me a appropriate deal. I were a little
    bit familiar of this your broadcast offered vibrant transparent concept

  46. Sohrab dijo:

    Today, while I was at work, my cousin stole my apple ipad and tested to see if
    it can survive a 25 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has
    83 views. I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  47. Elton dijo:

    Good day! Would you mind if I share your
    blog with my myspace group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really
    appreciate your content. Please let me know. Many thanks

  48. Haroon dijo:

    Hi friends, how is the whole thing, and what you
    want to say on the topic of this piece of writing, in my view its in fact amazing for me.

  49. Kijuan dijo:

    I know this web page provides quality dependent posts and
    extra stuff, is there any other web site which offers such stuff in quality?

  50. EdwardEnemi dijo:

    Абузоустойчивый сервер для работы с Хрумером, GSA и всевозможными скриптами!
    Есть дополнительная системах скидок, читайте описание в разделе оплата

    Виртуальные сервера (VPS/VDS) и Дедик Сервер: Оптимальное Решение для Вашего Проекта
    В мире современных вычислений виртуальные сервера (VPS/VDS) и дедик сервера становятся ключевыми элементами успешного бизнеса и онлайн-проектов. Выбор оптимальной операционной системы и типа сервера являются решающими шагами в создании надежной и эффективной инфраструктуры. Наши VPS/VDS серверы Windows и Linux, доступные от 13 рублей, а также дедик серверы, предлагают целый ряд преимуществ, делая их неотъемлемыми инструментами для развития вашего проекта.

  51. EdwardEnemi dijo:

    Дома АВС – Ваш уютный уголок

    Мы строим не просто дома, мы создаем пространство, где каждый уголок будет наполнен комфортом и радостью жизни. Наш приоритет – не просто предоставить место для проживания, а создать настоящий дом, где вы будете чувствовать себя счастливыми и уютно.

    В нашем информационном разделе “ПРОЕКТЫ” вы всегда найдете вдохновение и новые идеи для строительства вашего будущего дома. Мы постоянно работаем над тем, чтобы предложить вам самые инновационные и стильные проекты.

    Мы убеждены, что основа хорошего дома – это его дизайн. Поэтому мы предоставляем услуги опытных дизайнеров-архитекторов, которые помогут вам воплотить все ваши идеи в жизнь. Наши архитекторы и персональные консультанты всегда готовы поделиться своим опытом и предложить функциональные и комфортные решения для вашего будущего дома.

    Мы стремимся сделать весь процесс строительства максимально комфортным для вас. Наша команда предоставляет детализированные сметы, разрабатывает четкие этапы строительства и осуществляет контроль качества на каждом этапе.

    Для тех, кто ценит экологичность и близость к природе, мы предлагаем деревянные дома премиум-класса. Используя клееный брус и оцилиндрованное бревно, мы создаем уникальные и здоровые условия для вашего проживания.

    Тем, кто предпочитает надежность и многообразие форм, мы предлагаем дома из камня, блоков и кирпичной кладки.

    Для практичных и ценящих свое время людей у нас есть быстровозводимые каркасные дома и эконом-класса. Эти решения обеспечат вас комфортным проживанием в кратчайшие сроки.

    С Домами АВС создайте свой уютный уголок, где каждый момент жизни будет наполнен радостью и удовлетворением

  52. PhilipVed dijo:

    darknet зайти на сайт
    Даркнет, сокращение от “даркнетворк” (dark network), представляет собой часть интернета, недоступную для обычных поисковых систем. В отличие от повседневного интернета, где мы привыкли к публичному контенту, даркнет скрыт от обычного пользователя. Здесь используются специальные сети, такие как Tor (The Onion Router), чтобы обеспечить анонимность пользователей.

  53. all the time i used to read smaller articles or reviews which also clear their motive,
    and that is also happening with this article which I am reading at this
    time.

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *