¿Cómo se diagnostican los trastornos del espectro autista?

Los síntomas de los trastornos del espectro autista pueden variar mucho de persona a persona dependiendo de la gravedad del trastorno.

Los síntomas incluso pueden pasar desapercibidos en el caso de los niños con trastornos del espectro autista leves o con discapacidades menos debilitantes.

Los indicadores que ocurren a una edad muy temprana y que requieren evaluación por parte de un experto incluyen:

  • no balbucear ni señalar a la edad de 1 año
  • no decir ninguna palabra a los 16 meses y no formar frases de dos palabras a los 2 años
  • no responder a su nombre
  • pérdida del lenguaje o las habilidades sociales que ya tenía
  • contacto visual inadecuado
  • excesiva colocación en fila de juguetes o de objetos
  • no sonreír ni responder socialmente

Los indicadores tardíos incluyen:

  • deterioro de la capacidad para hacer amistad con sus compañeros
  • deterioro de la capacidad para iniciar o sostener una conversación con otros
  • falta o deterioro de juego imaginario y social
  • uso repetitivo o inusual del lenguaje
  • interés anormalmente intenso o enfocado
  • preocupación con ciertos objetos o temas
  • adherencia inflexible a las rutinas o a los rituales específicos

Los proveedores de atención médica a menudo usan un cuestionario u otro instrumento de detección para recopilar información sobre el desarrollo y el comportamiento de un niño.

Algunos de estos instrumentos de detección recurren exclusivamente a las observaciones de los padres, mientras que otros recurren a una combinación de las observaciones de los padres y del médico.

Si los instrumentos de detección indican la posibilidad de algún trastorno del espectro autista, por lo general se recomienda una evaluación completa.

Una evaluación completa requiere un equipo multidisciplinario, que incluye un psicólogo, un neurólogo, un siquiatra, un patólogo del habla-lenguaje o fonoaudiólogo y otros profesionales, que diagnostica y trata a los niños con trastornos del espectro autista.

Los miembros del equipo harán una evaluación neurológica a fondo, así como pruebas minuciosas del lenguaje y cognitivas.

Como los problemas auditivos pueden causar comportamientos que se podrían confundir con los de los trastornos del espectro autista, a los niños con retraso en el desarrollo del lenguaje se les debe también hacer una prueba de audición.

fuente: NIH Nacional Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Esta entrada fue publicada en autismo, AUTISMO, DIVULGACIÓN. Guarda el enlace permanente.

45 respuestas a ¿Cómo se diagnostican los trastornos del espectro autista?

  1. Iva dijo:

    What’s up Dear, are you in fact visiting this site on a
    regular basis, if so after that you will absolutely take
    nice know-how.

  2. Hello.This article was really motivating, especially since I was
    searching for thoughts on this matter last Tuesday.

    Feel free to visit my blog post – https://brainhackrmind.com/

  3. Hi there! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?

    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any suggestions?

  4. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be
    actually something which I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complicated and very broad for me.
    I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang
    of it!

    Here is my blog – https://rangextdwifibooster.net/

  5. FlowGenix dijo:

    I think this is among the most vital info for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But should remark on some general things,
    The web site style is ideal, the articles is really great :
    D. Good job, cheers

    Here is my website … FlowGenix

  6. Hello, Neat post. There is an issue along with your site in internet explorer, might check this?
    IE still is the market chief and a large component to other people will pass over your excellent writing because
    of this problem.

    Look at my page – Pharmalite Keto Pills

  7. try here dijo:

    Its such as you learn my thoughts! You appear to grasp so much about this, such as you wrote the book
    in it or something. I feel that you could do with a few % to
    force the message house a little bit, but instead of that,
    that is wonderful blog. A great read. I’ll certainly be back.

  8. Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your web site is so cool.
    I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this web site.
    It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject.
    Bookmarked this web page, will come back for more articles.
    You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched all over the place and simply couldn’t come
    across. What an ideal site.

    Have a look at my site https://solohostbook.com/index.php/blog/15371/guys-do-you-know-what-produces-you-youll-low-sexual-desire/

  9. Good respond in return of this question with firm arguments and describing all concerning that.

    write an essay
    write an essay
    https://persuasiveessays.info/lakme-case-study.html https://persuasiveessays.info/

  10. Marvelous, what a web site it is! This blog gives valuable data to
    us, keep it up.
    write my essay online
    write my essay online
    https://essayhelpforall.com/ https://essayhelpforall.com/

  11. Great post but I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this topic?
    I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit further.

    Bless you! 0mniartist asmr

  12. 0mniartist dijo:

    Hello, just wanted to say, I liked this article. It
    was helpful. Keep on posting! asmr 0mniartist

  13. I’m more than happy to find this great site. I want to to thank you for ones time for this particularly fantastic read!!
    I definitely loved every little bit of it and i also
    have you book marked to check out new things in your website.
    0mniartist asmr

  14. bitly.com dijo:

    I do believe all of the ideas you have offered in your post.

    They’re very convincing and can definitely work. Still, the posts
    are too short for starters. May you please extend them a little from next time?
    Thank you for the post. 0mniartist asmr

  15. Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my
    4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed
    the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab
    inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

    asmr 0mniartist

  16. this gamefly dijo:

    Hello, Neat post. There is a problem along with your website in web explorer,
    might check this? IE nonetheless is the marketplace
    chief and a large component to folks will miss your
    wonderful writing due to this problem.

  17. it asmr dijo:

    Hello, i believe that i saw you visited my site so i came to return the desire?.I’m trying to find things to improve my site!I suppose its adequate to use some of your ideas!!

  18. asmr of dijo:

    It’s going to be ending of mine day, however before end I
    am reading this impressive paragraph to increase my experience.

  19. asmr but dijo:

    What’s up mates, its enormous article concerning
    cultureand entirely explained, keep it up all the time.

  20. that gamefly dijo:

    Hello there, You have done a fantastic job. I will certainly digg it
    and personally suggest to my friends. I’m sure they will be benefited from this

  21. asmr their dijo:

    What’s up, I wish for to subscribe for this blog to obtain hottest updates,
    therefore where can i do it please help.

  22. tinyurl.com dijo:

    Hurrah, that’s what I was looking for, what a material!
    present here at this weblog, thanks admin of this web site.

  23. bitly.com dijo:

    My family members every time say that I am killing my time here
    at net, but I know I am getting familiarity every day by reading thes fastidious
    articles. scoliosis

  24. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have
    put in penning this blog. I’m hoping to check out the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well.

    In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own site
    now 😉

  25. of scoliosis dijo:

    Thankfulness to my father who stated to me about this webpage, this webpage is in fact remarkable.

  26. Louise dijo:

    Truly no matter if someone doesn’t be aware of
    after that its up to other users that they will help, so here it occurs.

  27. tinyurl.com dijo:

    My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong
    none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on a variety of
    websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform.
    I have heard good things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  28. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you
    knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have
    some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to
    your new updates.

  29. Greate pieces. Keep posting such kind of info on your page.
    Im really impressed by it.
    Hello there, You have performed an excellent job. I will
    certainly digg it and personally suggest
    to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this site.

  30. in ps4 games dijo:

    fantastic submit, very informative. I ponder why the other experts of
    this sector don’t notice this. You should proceed your writing.
    I am sure, you have a huge readers’ base already!

  31. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d most certainly donate to this outstanding blog!
    I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account.

    I look forward to brand new updates and will talk about this blog with my Facebook
    group. Chat soon!

  32. tinyurl.com dijo:

    Wow, wonderful weblog structure! How lengthy have you been blogging for?
    you made running a blog glance easy. The full glance of
    your web site is magnificent, as well as the content!

  33. Its like you read my thoughts! You seem to understand so
    much approximately this, such as you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you could do with some % to force the message
    house a little bit, but instead of that, that is excellent blog.
    An excellent read. I will certainly be back.

  34. Hmm is anyone else having problems with the images on this blog loading?
    I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or
    if it’s the blog. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.

  35. I’m gone to inform my little brother, that he should also visit this blog on regular basis
    to take updated from most up-to-date gossip.

  36. special dijo:

    Wow that was odd. I just wrote an really long comment but after
    I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up. Grrrr…
    well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyways, just
    wanted to say great blog!

    Feel free to visit my site special

  37. I love what you guys tend to be up too. This kind of clever work and reporting!
    Keep up the good works guys I’ve added you guys to my personal blogroll.

    Look at my blog post tracfone special

  38. Enjoyed reading this, very good stuff, regards. “Talk sense to a fool and he calls you foolish.” by Euripides.

  39. 20bet dijo:

    Your article gave me a lot of inspiration, I hope you can explain your point of view in more detail, because I have some doubts, thank you.

  40. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you
    may be a great author.I will ensure that I bookmark your blog and will often come back
    at some point. I want to encourage one to continue your great posts, have a nice evening!

  41. Murray dijo:

    This design is incredible! You most certainly know how to keep a reader amused.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my
    own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that,
    how you presented it. Too cool!

  42. In fact when someone doesn’t be aware of then its up to other users
    that they will help, so here it takes place.

  43. Thank you for some other great article. The place else could anybody get that kind of info in such an ideal way of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I am at the look for such information.

  44. MichaelNob dijo:

    can i purchase cheap clomid without rx: how to get cheap clomid – can you buy clomid no prescription

  45. La mejor aplicación de control parental para proteger a sus hijos – monitoriza en secreto GPS, SMS, llamadas, WhatsApp, Facebook, ubicación. Puede monitorear de forma remota las actividades del teléfono móvil después de descargar e instalar apk en el teléfono de destino. https://www.mycellspy.com/es/

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *