ULTIMOS AVANCES EN EL AUTISMO, CAUSAS DEL AUTISMO

Entrevista a Mercedes Belinchón por Infocop

M.B.: En esta última década, las investigaciones sobre el autismo (y de manera especial, las investigaciones biomédicas) han aumentado tanto y tan rápidamente que sería imposible dar cuenta de todos los hallazgos recientes. No obstante, puestos a seleccionar, considero especialmente interesantes cuatro grupos o clases de datos: 1) los que confirman que el autismo es el resultado de procesos atípicos de neurogénesis o maduración cerebral tanto pre- como postnatal (lo que tira por tierra hipótesis explicativas sólo «psicógenas» como las que durante un tiempo ligaron el origen de este trastorno a la personalidad de los padres o los estilos de crianza, o como las que, todavía hoy, prefieren tratar el autismo sólo como un síndrome conductual o un simple problema de «aprendizajes»); 2) los que demuestran que la causación o etiología del autismo implica una interacción extraordinariamente compleja de susceptibilidad genética, con marcadores en varios cromosomas -2q, 7q, 13q, 16p, 17q, X y otros-, y de factores medioambientales diversos, como complicaciones obstétricas, infecciones víricas pre o postnatales, alteraciones gastrointestinales, vacunas, exposición a distintas sustancias tóxicas y otros agentes (lo que abre la puerta al desarrollo de políticas no sólo terapéuticas sino también preventivas –como, por ejemplo, el consejo genético a familias que ya tienen un hijo o hija afectado); 3) los que confirman que hay muchas rutas biológicas posibles para el autismo (esto es, que situaciones y procesos biológicos muy dispares pueden desembocar en ese patrón concreto de afectación del desarrollo y el comportamiento que se sintetiza en la «tríada de Wing»), y, 4) que son las «conexiones a larga distancia» entre diversas estructuras corticales y subcorticales más que la disfunción de regiones o estructuras cerebrales individuales las que están sobre todo afectadas en las personas con autismo (lo que exige modelos explicativos muy globales e integrados tanto a nivel neurobiológico como psicológico).

A la luz de estas consideraciones, quizá alguien podría estar tentado a considerar que, efectivamente, el autismo es un trastorno «incurable» porque nadie puede «dejar de tener autismo» por efecto de algún tratamiento, pero, sinceramente, y como ya apunté en mi respuesta a la anterior pregunta, no creo que el modelo médico de enfermedad resulte adecuado o suficiente aquí. Los hallazgos científicos a lo que nos abocan es a entender que el autismo es una condición neuroevolutiva particular, un modo peculiar de organización y funcionamiento del cerebro y la mente que resulta de procesos ontogenéticos parcialmente deficitarios y/o desviados desde momentos muy tempranos del desarrollo, y del que se derivan dificultades y limitaciones psicológicas para los individuos en unos ámbitos (como el ámbito socioemocional), pero también capacidades en otros ámbitos (por ejemplo, en el dominio de la percepción visual o auditiva) que pueden incluso superar las que habitualmente desarrollan las personas sin autismo (las personas «neurotípicas»). a

Por tanto, quienes han recibido un diagnóstico de autismo no deberían considerarse «enfermos que deban esperar curarse», sino «personas con un modo de funcionar diferente pero no necesariamente deficiente o patológico» que deben entender cuáles son sus capacidades y sus dificultades, y deben saber que con tratamientos adecuados y apoyos suficientes en su entorno, podrán mejorar sus síntomas, podrán desarrollar sus habilidades y hacer muchos y buenos aprendizajes, podrán disfrutar de una buena calidad de vida y podrán llegar, en muchos casos, a hacer aportaciones muy útiles a la sociedad.

Esta entrada ha sido publicada en AUTISMO, INVESTIGACION y etiquetada como . Guarda el enlace permanente.

23 respuestas a ULTIMOS AVANCES EN EL AUTISMO, CAUSAS DEL AUTISMO

  1. Rose dijo:

    Hello there! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout
    out and say I really enjoy reading your articles. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums
    that go over the same topics? Appreciate it!

  2. Hi it’s me, I am also visiting this website daily, this web page is actually good and the visitors are in fact sharing good thoughts.

  3. Keeley dijo:

    Great delivery. Sound arguments. Keep up the great work.

  4. hello!,I like your writing so much! share we keep in touch extra about your article on AOL?

    I need an expert on this space to unravel my problem.

    Maybe that is you! Looking forward to look you.

    Also visit my web page: https://satsharing-sat.com/entry.php?33928-A-Tips-For-Men-s-Antiaging-Skincare-Tips-A-Person-Use

  5. Excellent website. Plenty of useful information here.
    I am sending it to a few buddies ans additionally sharing in delicious.
    And naturally, thank you in your sweat!

    My page … https://kanienkeha.net/forums/users/raultovell0270/edit/?updated=true/users/raultovell0270/

  6. If some one wants expert view about running a blog afterward i propose him/her to visit this webpage,
    Keep up the good work.

  7. Hi there, simply become alert to your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative.
    I am going to watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful
    in case you proceed this in future. Lots of people will likely be benefited from
    your writing. Cheers!

    my blog; Premium Hemp CBD Review

  8. Thanks for your entire efforts on this blog. Gloria loves making time for investigation and it’s really simple to grasp why.
    My spouse and i know all regarding the powerful
    manner you offer valuable tricks by means of this blog and as well recommend contribution from
    some others on that issue plus our own girl is really understanding a great deal.
    Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the year.

    You are always doing a first class job.[X-N-E-W-L-I-N-S-P-I-N-X]I’m extremely impressed along with your writing skills as
    smartly as with the structure on your weblog.
    Is that this a paid topic or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way keep up the excellent high quality writing, it is rare to look a nice blog
    like this one these days.

    my blog post :: http://cannagenixcbd.org/

  9. Link exchange is nothing else however it is only placing the other person’s web
    site link on your page at proper place and other person will also do similar in support of you.

    Look at my site: FlowGenix Review

  10. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your blog.
    It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here
    and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme?
    Fantastic work!

  11. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally,
    it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You definitely know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence
    on just posting videos to your blog when you could be
    giving us something enlightening to read?

  12. Thhat is very fascinating, You’re ann excessively skilled blogger.I have joined your rss
    feed and sit up for searching for more of your magnificent post.
    Also, I have shared your sitte in myy social networks
    https://helpassignmentwritingservice.info/
    write paper online
    write paper online
    https://helpassignmentwritingservice.info/ https://helpassignmentwritingservice.info/essay-writing-in-english-my-best-friend.html

  13. Your way of describing the whole thing in this article is actually nice, every one can without difficulty know it, Thanks a lot.

    https://writingmypaper.com/
    spacebattles creative writing
    spacebattles creative writing
    https://writingmypaper.com/ https://writingmypaper.com

  14. Concetta dijo:

    Just wish to say your article is as amazing. The clearness
    for your submit is just great and i could assume you are knowledgeable in this subject.

    Fine together with your permission allow me to take hold of your RSS
    feed to stay up to date with forthcoming post.
    Thank you 1,000,000 and please keep up the gratifying work.

  15. Belinda dijo:

    Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured
    I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or
    maybe guest authoring a blog post or vice-versa? My website covers a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we
    could greatly benefit from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to send me an email.

    I look forward to hearing from you! Wonderful blog by the way!

  16. write for me dijo:

    Howdy! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are
    you using for this website? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had isseues with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform.
    Iwould bbe awesome if you could point me in the direcction of
    a good platform.
    https://writeanessayforme.info/2316-argumentative-persuasive-essay.html
    write for me
    write foor me
    https://writeanessayforme.info/ https://writeanessayforme.info/

  17. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited
    this web site before but after going through a few of the articles
    I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely pleased I stumbled uon it
    and I’ll be book-marking itt and checking back often!
    http://www.google.je/url?q=https://cbdwwwkratom.com/
    yellow borneo kratom effects
    yellow borneo kratom effects
    http://www.google.se/url?q=https://cbdwwwkratom.com/ http://www.google.com.pg/url?q=https://cbdwwwkratom.com/

  18. Nate dijo:

    Wonderful article! This is the kind of info that are meant to be shared around the net.
    Disgrace on Google for not positioning this post higher! Come
    on over and discuss with my web site . Thanks =)

  19. Kristofer dijo:

    Your style is unique in comparison to other folks I have read stuff
    from. I appreciate you for posting when you have the
    opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this site.

  20. Marietta dijo:

    Spot on with this write-up, I really believe that this amazing site needs
    much more attention. I’ll probably be back again to
    read more, thanks for the advice!

  21. Mitchel dijo:

    Thanks for sharing such a nice thinking, post is pleasant, thats why
    i have read it entirely

  22. Stella dijo:

    Great information. Lucky me I discovered your website by accident (stumbleupon).
    I have saved as a favorite for later!

  23. Kala dijo:

    Hello! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established
    blog. Is it difficult to set up your own blog?
    I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out
    pretty fast. I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you
    have any ideas or suggestions? Appreciate it

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.